Community forest method and methodology of study
First of all the interested area of study was selected. Then the literature about the study area was collected and problem was identified. Appropriate methods and methodology was identified and site was selected for doing the research. Then primary data was obtained from the field survey while secondary data were collected from published and unpublished literatures. Then data was analyzed using both primary and secondary data using statistical tools like MS-Excel.
Fig. 1: flow sheet of research design
The study was conducted in community forest called Satashidham forest. The total area of the Cf is 311 hectors. It is located in Mechi zone, Jhapa and Ilam district, Shivasataskshi and Maai municipality 08 at the altitude 134m. It is located at lat.26˚76’56.8”(26.7607˚)north, long.87˚40’2.2”(87.8818˚)east. Its boundary in the east is Kankai river and the west is bordered by Satashidham temple Shivasatakshi 7. The north side lies the village of Maai municipality of Ilam district. And south lies in Shivasatakshi municipality. The geography of the forest area is flat to Chure range with two roads in the middle. The forest can be classified as tropical deciduous monsoon forest with the huge amount of Saal trees.
There is no documental evidence of the forest history of the forest management for the Satashidham community forest. Based on the discussion with the forest was managed under the supervision of forest office of jhapa district until 1999. Clearing and cultivation was prohibited and a forester station at the ranger’s office administrated the monitoring the forest.
Fig-2: Study area
The study was based on the following methodology to fulfill the above set of objectives.
A. Data collection
The study will both primary and secondary data sources. Qualitative and quantitative data will be collected by participatory research techniques. The study will be based on the following methodology to fulfill the above set of objectives.
I. Primary data collection
Qualitative data will mostly be generated by questionnaire survey. It include following participatory research technique.
- Key information survey
People of various categories like farmers, housewife, political worker, social worker, teacher, including chair-person Jagat Bahadur Shrestha and some other members of Satashidham community forest who have adequate knowledge regarding issues of this research have been purposively included as the key informants. Major instruction of collecting primary qualitative data, to know the experience of them in various aspect of community forest such as the participation process, impact of community forest and their opinion in it. Similarly, experience of community forest user groups as well as the people who grabs the maximum benefits from the community forest has been included as the key informants in the study.
II. Secondary data collection
Secondary source of information were derived from the FUG operational plan and the constitution. In addition available FUG records were also studied. Other forums of the information were general assembly and forest poduct collection and distribution system.
Collected data from various sources such as interview schedule, observation, focus group discussion, informal interview and case study has been properly organized, analyzed and presented in appropriate tables and formats. Such tables and formats have been subjected to interpretation and explanation as necessary. The gathered data and information have been analyzed using both descriptive and statistical method. Descriptive analytical tool such as tables and figures and statistical tool such as percentage and average value have also been presented statically. MS excel 2010 has been used to create appropriate file structure to entry quantitative row data and it has also used to create tables, figures, percentage and average value.